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Sculptures 19th century - early 20th century

Vue de l'escalier Darcy La Femme au paon par Alexandre Falguière en marbre et en plâtre
© Vue de l'escalier Darcy La Femme au paon par Alexandre Falguière en marbre et en plâtre

From 1830 onwards, the 19th century became mainly the century of the bourgeoisie. In public places, figures of dignitaries, artists, eminent scholars or explorers triumphed, often replacing those of kings or of emperors. Cemeteries – veritable museums of sculpture such as the Père-Lachaise cemetery in Paris – were filled with realistic weeping figures, embodying eternal grief at the foot of the tombs of great men.

During the Second Empire and the first decades of the Third Republic, the abundant, eclectic production of sculpture flourished. Among the most famous artists of the time are Falguière, Clerc, Marqueste, Rodin, Claudel, to quote those represented in the museum's collections.

Ségoffin, Mengue and Seysses amongst others, were part of the famous ‘Toulousans'group', trained at the Paris School of Fine Arts (l'Ecole des Beaux-arts de Paris) by Alexandre Falguière, their leader. In the monumental staircase in the Darcy wing (1882), leading to the great cloister, the museum presents several works by these artists as well as a bust of the Toulousan painter Jean-Paul Laurens by his friend Rodin and a bust of a young Paul Claudel, the work of his sister, the tremendously moving Camille Claudel.

The museum does also own a good collection of sculpture from the twenties and thirties, by artists among whom many are Toulousan such as Gilbert Privat, Joseph Monin, Carlos Sarrabezolles or Sylvestre Clerc. Most of these works are not currently on show although Sylvestre Clerc's Hercules as a Child can be seen at the bottom of the Darcy staircase.

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the collections

Romantic sculpture


A good set of Romantic sculptures

From the very beginning of the 19th century, breaking away from the over strict rules of the neoclassical art still very much in fashion, artists began to try to express feelings and states of mind...

A sculptor of the 3rd Republic

Alexandre Falguière (1831-1900): A major sculptor of the Third Republic

Like many towns and cities, Toulouse saw a great development in commemorative sculpture in the 19th century (Terre Cabade cemetery, Place Wilson, Jardin Royal and...

After Falguière


After Falguière…

Falguière was the leader of the ‘Toulousans', sculptors from the south of France who had ‘gone up' to Paris to study and make a career, certain amongst whom were his pupils at the Paris School of Fine Arts (l'école...

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