The taste for Antiquity, then so appreciated, found expression in the creation of exceptional architecture. It also blossomed in painting and sculpture and their various inflections: illumination, tapestry, stained glass windows, goldwork, casting and woodwork. This development, which paralleled that of a learned humanism, made the capital of the Languedoc a hub of influence.
The religious and political troubles that cast a shadow over the second half of the sixteenth century made little impact on this dynamic. Its primacy was confirmed when Henry of Navarre conquered France and became Henry IV. Thus for more than one hundred years, from its early manifestations in the 1490s to its final appearances in the 1610s and 1620s, Renaissance art triumphed in Toulouse.